Turbulence is often more noticeable at the back of the plane so if you are a nervous flyer try sit as close to the front of the plane as possible. You can often choose your seat online when you check in. Or, when you drop your luggage at the counter try explaining politely that have a fear of flying and ask if you can possibly have a seat closer to the front of the plane.
Caffeine is proven to increase nervousness so try to avoid having coffee or other heavily caffeinated drinks before you head to the airport.
Flying by air is the world’s second safest mode of transport (second only to elevators/escalators). Commercial airplanes are really safe and easy for pilots to operate.
Focus on the holiday you will be enjoying. Think about what you will do after you get off the plane and how much fun you will have.
Keep yourself busy on board with tasks that require light thinking – such as crosswords or Sudoko
Travel with someone who you trust as this will naturally calm you.
Make yourself known to the airhostesses – they are used to helping nervous fliers, and will often sit with you during take off and landing to help calm your nerves.
Travellers’ diarrhoea affects four in 10 Brits abroad and is usually caused by unfamiliar germs, particularly in drinking water.
One solution is to adopt a no-ice policy, unless you make your own with bottled water. Ice that is not ‘clean’ is the most common cause of travellers’ diarrhoea because freezing doesn’t kill most bugs – instead it preserves them and they are released from the ice as it defrosts. Ask for all your drinks in bars and restaurants to be without ice to lower the risk of a tummy upset whilst on holiday.
You could also try taking a probiotic supplement a week before travelling as they have a good reputation for reducing the risk of stomach upsets on holiday by encouraging good bacteria in your gut.
If you're planning to travel outside the UK, you may need to be vaccinated against some of the serious diseases found in other parts of the world, such as yellow fever, typhoid and hepatitis A.
You don't always need vaccinations to travel abroad. If you do, the type of travel jabs you need depends on which country you're visiting and what you're doing. Your GP will give you general advice about travel vaccinations and travel health, such as protecting yourself from malaria, give you a booster of UK jabs if you need one and may be able to give you the travel jabs you need, either free on the NHS or for a charge (not all vaccinations are free on the NHS).
Alternatively you can visit a local private travel vaccination clinic for your travel jabs.
The cost of travel vaccines at private clinics will vary, but could be around £50 for each dose of a vaccine. Therefore, if a vaccine requires three doses, the total cost could be around £150 – so you may want to take this into consideration when budgeting for your trip.
If you are only travelling to countries in northern and central Europe, North America or Australia, it is unlikely that you will need to have any vaccinations.
If possible, see your GP at least eight weeks before you are due to travel, because some vaccinations need to be given well in advance to allow your body to develop immunity and some involve multiple doses spread over several weeks.
In general, coverage is the most important thing to remember in the Middle Eastern countries.
No tight, revealing or see-through clothing should be worn. This means no tank tops, spaghetti straps, singlets, shorts and mini skirts. No midriff and cleavage should be on show - no plunging necklines, low rise jeans or slit skirts. Three quarter trousers, long sleeve tops and short sleeve T-shirts are acceptable.
For the Traditional Souks it is best to dress modestly to avoid attracting attention.
Put on clean socks if you are going to a locals house – shoes are removed at the door.
When walking in the streets, shorts are not acceptable for men or women unless you're playing golf or using a sports club. Women are best in long trousers or skirts (ankle-length jeans and khaki cargo styles are popular). Avoid ankle bracelets as these have a negative connotation.
The majority of Egyptian woman cover their heads but tourists are not expected to.
If you enter a temple, you will have to remove your shoes, so sandals are easiest as you can slip them off quickly before entering temples.
When travelling to Thailand men and women need to be informed and knowledgeable of how they should be dressed and behaved. Wear simple western outfits that cover your chest, shoulders, knees, and choose loose, light clothes rather than clothes that are too tight. Longer-knee length shorts, trousers, long skirts and shirts are suitable and comfortable as well. A scarf is a perfect accessory to avoid unwanted attention or when you visit a mosque or a temple which requires your hair to be tucked out of sight. Dressing modestly shows that you respect local customs and culture and you follow their etiquette.
Topless sunbathing is totally unacceptable – it is not illegal but makes the locals very uncomfortable.